AP Environmental Science Word List

Scientific Analysis

qualitative

quantitative

hypothesis

Earth Systems

abiotic

biotic

carbon cycle

chaos

chemical energy

chlorophyll

closed system

density

entropy

first law of thermodynamics

second law of thermodynamics

homeostasis

hydrologic (water) cycle

kinetic energy

negative feedback loop

nitrogen cycle

open system

phosphorous cyclew

positive feedback loop

potential energy

solar energy

spontaneous

sulfur cycle

sustainability

tragedy of the commons

photosynthesis

Atmosphere, Weather, Air Quality

absolute humidity

acid deposition

acid rain aerosols

anthropogenic

air pollutant

air pollution

asbestos

atmosphere

auto emissions standards

barometric pressure

carbon monoxide

catalytic converter

CFC (Chlorofluorocarbons)

Clean Air Act

climate

combustion

condensation

continental

convection cell

Coriolis Effect

criteria pollutants

dew point

dissemination

electrostatic

El Nino

fossil fuels

hydroxyl radical (OH)

jet stream

latitude 

lead

Legionannaires Disease

marine climate

Montreal Protocol

National Ambient Air Quality Standards

nitrogen oxides 

open burning

ozone

ozone layer

pH scale

PM-10

precipitators

primary pollutant

radon

relative humidity

Saffir/Simpson

scrubbers

secondary pollutant

Sick Building Syndrome

smog-industrial

smog-photochemical

spectrum

stack emissions

stratosphere

storm surge 

sulfur oxides

suspended particulate matter (SPM)

temperature inversions

tornado

tropical depression

troposphere

turbulence

typhoon, monsoon

UV radiation

volatile organic compounds (VOC's)

vortex

wind

Ecosystems, Biomes, Populations

abiotic factor

acclimation

adaptation

adapted

adaptive radiation

alien species

allele

annual

aquaculture

autotrops

background extinction

ballast

barrier island

benthic

biodiversity

biomass

biome

biosphere

breeding

carnivores

carrying capacity

catastrophic

CITES treaty

climate

coastal wetland

commensalism

commercial breeding

commercial harvesting

community

competitive exclusion principle

conifer

constancy

consumers

coral reefs

deciduous

decomposers

detritus feeders

differential reproduction

doubling time

dynamic state of equilibrium

early successional species

ecology

ecosystem

ecotone

edge effect

endangered

energy cycle

epiphyte

estuaries

eutrophic

evergreen

exotic species

exponential curve

exponential growth

extinction

fertility

fisheries

fuctuations

flyways

food web

food chain

fragmentation

gene pool

generalist species

genetic diversity

GPP

habitat

herbivores

heterotroph

inaccesible

indicator species

inertia

interspecific competition

intraspecific competition

introduced species

isolated

j-shaped curve

K-strategist

keystone species

late-successional species

limiting factor

linear growth

macroevolution

microevolution

mangrove

mass extinction

mid-successional species

migration 

mortality

mutualism

native species

natural selection

niches

NPP

old growth forest

oligotrophic

omnivores

open ocean

optimal

parasitism

perennial

permafrost

persistence

population

population crash

population dieback

population explosion

predator-prey relationship

primary producers

primary succession

producers

pyramid of biomass

pyramid of energy

pyramid of numbers

r-strategist

recreational fishing

reproductive isolation

resilience

resource partitioning

rule of 70

S-shaped curve

saprophyte

scavenger

second growth forest

secondary succession

self-regulating

specialist species

speciation

species

species equilibrium model

succession

survivorship curve

sustainable yield

symbiosis

synergy 

threatened

tolerance limits

trophic levels

uncontrolled

weather

zebra mussel

Human Population

age structure

bioethics

birth control

birth rate

"baby boom"

cost-benefit analysis

crude birth rate

crude death rate

death rate

demographics

demographic transition

developed countries

developing countries

dust dome

dust plume

earth capital 

economic growth

famine 

fertility rate

family planning

GDP

GNP

histogram

human capital

infant mortality rate

life expectancy

malnutrition

natural resource

noise pollution

overnutrition

replacement level fertility

rural

total fertility rate

undernutrition

urman

ZPG

Global Changes

aerobic

aerosol

albedo

anaerobic

anomalies

carbon cycle

carbon sinks

global nitrogen cycle

greenhouse effect

greenhouse gas

hydrocarbons

Kyoto Conference

phytoplankton

refracted

reflected

regional consequences

scattered 

upwelling

urban heat island

Water

Advanced (3°) water treatment

aqueduct

aquifer

artesian wells

Aswan High Dam

BOD

brackish water

capillary water

caprock

channelization

condensation

consumptive

desalinization

distillation

drought 

drought cycle

eutrophication

evaporation

evapotranspiration

reverse osmosis

gray water

groundwater

hard water

infiltration

karst

lake effect snow

meander

Mono Lake

nonpoint source

offset

Ogallala Aquifer

overdrawn

percolation

point source

porosity

potable water

primary water treatment

recharge zones

reservoir runoff

residence time

secondary water treatment

septic tank

sink hole

spillways

storm water

sublimation

subsoil

Tennessee Valley Authority

thermal enrichment

thermal pollution

thermal shock

Three Grorges Dam

transpiration

tributary

xeroscaping

watershed/basin

water table

1976 flood control devices

zone of aeration

zone of saturation

Land

alley cropping 

aesthenopshere

clear-cutting

contour plowing

convergent plate  boundary

core

crop rotation

crust

desertification

divergent plate boundary

dredging

drip irrigation

erosion

even-aged management

fertilizaiton

flood plain

glacier

green revolution

industrialized agriculture

intensive agriculture

interchopping

leaching

lithosphere

loam

magma

mantle 

mass wasting

mineral

mineral resource

national park

open-pit mining

ore

overburden

overgrazing

plates

rangeland

riparian zone

rock 

rock cycle

salinization

selective cutting

shelterwood cutting

sitation

smelting

soil horizon 

soil profile

spoil

strip farming

strip mining

subsidence

subsurface mining

surface mining

tailings

terracing

topsoil

transform fault

uneven-aged management

waterlogging

wilderness

Environmental Quality

absorption

acute

algae

ammonia 

bacterial

Bhopal, India

bioaccumulation

biomagnification

carcinogenic

chemophobia

chlorine

chronic

coliform bacteria

contaminants 

concentration

cultural eutrophication

DDT

discharges

dissolved oxygen (DO)

distillation

disinfection

dose

dose-response curve

dose threshhold level

epidemiology

feces

fungicide

hazardous

hazardous chemicals

heavy metals

hemoglobin

herbicide

insecticide

integrated past management

metastasis

mutagens

mutate

nitrates

nutrient

oxidation

pathogenic

pathogenic organisms

pest

pesticide

phosphates

poison

relative

residue

response

risk

risk-benefit analysis

routinely monitored

resistant

soluble

systems

teratogens

tertiary

toxic

toxicology

underutilized

Waste

ash

biodegradable

CERCLA (Superfund) Act of 1980

clay

compost

corrosive

hazardous waste

impervious

incinerator

integrated waste management

intermittent

landfills

leachate

Love Canal

metastasis

mutagens

mutate

National Priority List (NPL)

organic matter

proximity

Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA)

sanitary landfill

secure landfills

sludge

solid waste

tipping fee

transparent

waste lagoons

waste stream

Energy

abated 

active solar heating 

airborne particulates

Alaska pipeline

alpha particles

alternative renewable energy

Arab oil embargo

beta particles

biogas

biomass convert

bituminous

black lung disease

blackouts

breeder reactor

BTU's

calorie

casks

half-lives

chain reaction

Cherobyl

coal liquefaction

cogeneration

containment building

conservation

conventional energy

cooling system

cooling tower

cooling water

crude oil

daughter

depletion

depository

deuterium

diesel

differential heat

dismantle

dissipates

distillation/cracking

dung

efficiency

electromagnetic radiation

energy crisis

energy reserves

enriched uranium

entombed

entropy 

estimated reserves

ethanol

eutectic fliud

finite resources

fission

friction

fuel assembly, encased

fuel cells

fuel rods

fuelwood

fusion

gamma radiation

gasification

gasohol

gasoline

General Mining Law of 1872

geothermal

home energy audits

heat exchanger

heat tax

hidden energy

high level waste

high quality energy

high quality matter

hydrocarbons

hydroelectric, James Bay Project

hydroelectric power

hydropower

incentive programs

industrial revolution

infrared radiation

insolation

insulated

isotopes

joule

kerosene

law of conservation of energy

law of conservation of matter

leukemia

ligniter

low level waste

low quality energy

low quality matter

melt down

methane

mitigate

moderators

nuetrons

nucleus

ocean thermal electric conversions (OTEC)

oil glut

oil shale

OPEC

operating efficiency

parent passive solar heating

peak

photochemicals

petroleum

photovoltaic cells

plutonium

proven reserves

Public Utility

radioactive decay

radioactive waste

reactor core

refineries

Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA)

REM

resource recovery

salt domes

seismic activity

spent fuel

stabilize

steam generator

steam turbines

sterilization

Surface Mining Control & Reclamation Act

sustainable development

synfuels

tar sands

tax incentive

terrestrial reradiation

thermodynamics

Three Mile Island

tidal power

tsnamis

turbine

uranium

U-238

viscous

watt, kilowatt

Yucca Mountain, NV

Choices for the Future

asthetic values

conservation

conservationists

ecotourism

Gaia

utilitarian 

Wilderness Act

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